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## Patterns

This video mainly talks about Gauss sums. The formula to find the sum of a sequence is n(n + 1) / 2, where n is the length of the sequence.

This video covers the concept of letter substitution, which comes up often in elementary competition math problems. Remember to use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division rules while solving these types of problems. They will help you narrow down what each letter stands for.

This video contains some competition-level problems of letter substitution. Again, use your operation rules to narrow down what each letter stands for. We highly recommend practicing this topic further, as it is almost guaranteed to come up in elementary contests.

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## Simplification

This video goes over PEMDAS (also known as “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally”). The acronym stands for Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, and Subtraction. The acronym gives the order of priority of all operations. However, the priorities of multiplication and division can be switched (based on which comes first), as can the priorities of addition and subtraction.

In this video, we learn about GCF and LCM. GCF stands for Greatest Common Factor.

In order to find the GCF of two or more numbers, list out all the prime factors and find the common ones between all numbers. Multiply these common factors to get the greatest common factor.

In order to find the LCM of two or more numbers, list out all the prime factors, and for each factor, raise it to the power of the maximum number of times it appears in one of the numbers’ prime factorization. In order words, if 3 appears 3 times in 1 prime factorization but only 2 times in another, you need to take three 3’s to find the LCM.

This video covers some competition-level practice problems. Be sure to follow the Order of Operations (PEMDAS). While trying to find a common denominator, be sure to find the LCM of all the original denominators.

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## Divisibility Tricks

This video covers some basic divisibility tricks with 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Learn how to tell if a number is divisible by any of those 5 numbers.

This video, similar to the last one, contains divisibility tricks and tips for the numbers 6 through 11. The rules for 7 and 11 are tricky; be sure to practice these so they come naturally during a contest.

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## 3D Geometry

This video uses a 3-D shape builder to describe the orientation of 3-D shapes. The important thing to remember is that since there are three dimensions, there will be three measurements: length, width, and height.

This video covers how to find the surface area and volume of cones, cylinders, and rectangular prisms along with cubes. A good rule of thumb is to take the area of the base (whatever shape it may be) and multiply that by the height of the shape to get the volume.

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## More Problems with Basic Geometry

These two videos go through some competition-level practice problems with the formulas taught in the first video. The applications of the formulas are endless; be sure to practice problems on this topic.

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## Basic Geometry

This video covers the basics about rectangles, squares, triangles, and parallelograms. We go over how to find the perimeter and area of each of these shapes.

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## Squares and Square Roots

This video is the first in our Algebra 1 series for middle school math and competition math.

You can find more videos on our youtube channel.

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